Today, we live in an age of rapid technological growth, in which the programming profession is becoming increasingly prominent every day. As a result, several people are interested to know which programming language they should choose to succeed in the field.
Modern programming is divided into various areas, including system programming, game development, mobile app development, web programming, etc. Thus, it is important to take not only their importance and prevalence but also their use into account when selecting a programming language.
Let us look briefly at the most common programming languages that you can learn in 2020.
Created in 1991 by Guido van Rossum, Python is a high-level, object-oriented, interpreted general-purpose programming language.
Among programmers, the popularity of Python continues to grow. Python is the only programming language that has seen steady growth in the last five years, according to some studies.
Python’s great benefit is the simplicity that allows you to write code quickly and easily. In fact, Python is a universal language; it can, therefore, be used in several fields.
Python relies on the learning of machine language, artificial intelligence and big data. This also tackles a problem such as cybersecurity in software development.
Python is best for web development, Machine Learning, and statistical data analysis, and is being used by NASA, Google and Pinterest.
Why Study Python?
- Python has short syntax and a clear structure, making it easier to learn.
- Available on all platforms of UNIX, MS-DOS, Mac OS, Windows, Linux and other UNIX-like operating systems.
- Python’s implementations include a wide range of applications, ranging from light tasks to large programs.
In 1995 James Gosling at Sun Microsystems developed Java, a high-level, object-oriented language. It is one of today’s most famous languages. Although released in 1995, it is widely used for the production of mobile apps, games and commercial applications, especially for Android.
The main advantage of Java is that it’s actually in the highest paying programming language. Recent estimates indicate that 9 million developers and over 7 billion users use Java worldwide.
Java is best for Cloud computing, Internet of Things (IoT), corporate applications, desktop GUIs and is being used by tech giants like eBay, V2COM and Eurotech.
Why Study Java?
- Cross-platform language
- Gives you the ability to write applications for android easily
- It’s a good predecessor to learning other programming languages
- Simple, fast and easier to learn.
- Developing very quickly with the introduction of many popular frameworks from huge companies like React, Vue, Node, Express, etc., making it easier and more advanced.
- Runs on any OS with a browser that supports it.
Ruby and Ruby On Rails
Ruby is another famous object-oriented, general-purpose programming language. It was created in 1993 by Yukihiro Matsumoto and is primarily used with web development framework Ruby on Rails.
Ruby on Rails was created by David Heinemeier Hansson and was released in 2004. It is now a mainstay and Ruby is rarely used without it.
Ruby is best for web development, web applications, security, system administration, robotics, and networking. It is being used by huge companies like Airbnb, GitHub, Hulu, Bloomberg and Kickstarter.
Why Study Ruby?
- Super flexible
- Great for full-stack development
- Huge community and user base
C#, pronounced as C-Sharp was released by the Microsoft team in 2000. It is an imperative and declarative language that contains multiple paradigms including lexically scoped, imperative, declarative, functional, generic, object-oriented, and component-oriented programming disciplines.
For programmers/developers with previous C++ or Java experience, C# is even simpler. C# is best for .Net web development, windows applications, software applications and development, and it’s currently being used by companies like Microsoft, Axosoft and Unity.
Why Study C#?
- Best tooling for Windows application development
- Easy to learn.
- Runs on .NET platform, which is used to write desktop applications and games on Windows.
- Suitable for developing mobile apps for Android and iOS.
C++ is an extension of C language. It is an object-oriented, middle-level language developed in 1983 by Bjarne Stroustrup at Bell Labs. It quickly became popular among new programmers around the world, as it is often the basis for learning other languages.
It has been benefiting technology development for over 30 years and is used for creating operating systems, search engines, video games, application and software development.
Google Chrome, Photoshop, Firefox, PDFReader, and many other equally well-known applications are all written in C++.
Why Study C++?
- Supported by Apple, Windows, Android and Blackberry
- Most programmers begin their programming journey precisely with the study of C++.
- Used in large projects to create popular applications.
- C++ specialists are in demand in large companies.
- It inherited the traditional strengths of the C language, such as flexibility or compatibility with hardware devices.
C is a powerful general-purpose language that many other languages including C++ and C# were inspired by. It was created in 1972 by Dennis Ritchie at Bell Labs.
By design, C provides constructs that map efficiently to typical machine instructions. It can be used to develop software like operating systems, databases, compilers, and so on.
It is mostly best for creating operating systems, hardware, artificial intelligence and software development and is being used by huge companies like Apple, Oracle and Microsoft.
Why Study C?
- C is a middle-level language that reduces the gap between the low-level and high-level languages.
- It can be used for writing operating systems as well as doing application level programming.
- Helps to understand the fundamentals of computer theories
- It is very fast in terms of execution time
Hypertext Preprocessor, PHP is a popular web-scripting, server-side language created in 1994 by Rasmus Lerdorf. Mostly used for developing dynamic web applications, PHP is an open-source, interpreted, and object-oriented scripting language that can be executed at the server-side.
PHP runs much faster than scripts written in other languages like JSP and ASP. It uses its own memory to automatically lower the server workload and loading time, resulting in faster processing and better performance.
PHP is best for developing both static and dynamic web applications and WordPress plugins, which is able to handle data-heavy sites. Facebook, CyberCoders and WordPress are all developed using PHP.
Why Study PHP?
- Simple to install and customize.
- It handles the website’s dynamic content, database and session monitoring.
- The cookies can also be accessed and configured using PHP.
- It allows data to be authenticated and validated.
- Various protocols like HTTP, POP3, SNMP, LDAP, IMAP and more are provided by PHP.
- It lets you control user access.
- Handling forms is also easy.
SQL stands for Structured Query Language and is used to manage database content. It was first produced in 1974 by the IBM Research Center and has become and has become a ubiquitous means by which data is queried, stored and reported on.
SQL is now considered a standard language for storing, manipulating and retrieving data in databases as it is best for data analysis, big data management and mining.
Major names in the tech industry use SQL for data management. Some of these companies are Microsoft, Stack Overflow, Accenture, etc.
Why Study SQL?
- Easy to learn.
- Quick access to data and easy data manipulation
- Client-Server Access
- Simple troubleshooting
Swift is a general-purpose, multi-paradigm, compiled programming language developed by Apple Inc. for iOS, iPadOS, macOS, watchOS, tvOS, and Linux. It was first announced by Apple back in 2014 and has garnered huge interest from developers all around the world.
Swift is a good place to start if you’re interested in Apple products and the production of mobile applications. It has been optimized for success and planned for modern iOS production from the ground up. Not only is iOS operational on all iPhone and iPads, but other operating systems like watchOS and tvOS are also supported.
Swift is gradually increasing its user base and now giant companies like Google, Facebook, Uber and IBM are shifting to Swift for their iOS apps.
Why Study Swift?
- Fast and easy to learn.
- Its built-in tools make learning intuitive
- Ability to develop apps not only for iOS, but also for other Apple devices including Mac, Apple TV and Apple Watch.
While the computer programming sector is evolving rapidly, the above-mentioned languages remain very strong. You’ll be in a great position not only this year but in the years to come by learning one or more of these languages.
But, only you can answer the question of the best language to learn if you continue your journey into coding. Pick the type of program that you want to use, based on your interests and development.